What is Osteoarthritis

Admin 04 May 2020 06:33

Story At-A-Glance:

Osteoarthritis is probably one of the most dramatic musculoskeletal disorders. It starts with some pain and stiffness, but it can progress to the point where it’s difficult to get out of bed, get dressed, and walk up and downstairs. It can also put you at higher risk for falls. Sometimes it can make you sedentary because of the pain, leading to obesity, diabetes, heart disease, and high blood pressure. It is prevalent in 4-6% of adults in India and is mentioned among the top five chronic diseases. Osteoarthritis (OA) of the knee is a significant cause of disability related to old age. Unfortunately, research data shows an increasing trend in the number of people suffering from OA, and your risk of suffering from the condition may be higher than the one your grandparents experienced. Often, Knee Replacement for OA has suggested if symptoms are unbearable even with medications and conservative treatments.

What is Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis is a degenerative," wear-and-tear" type of arthritis, and itis prevalent in people above 50 years of age and older, but may occur in younger people, too. OA more commonly affects the weight-bearing joints in your body, such as your knees, hips, lower back, neck, and the small bones in your hands.

Risk factors for OA are:

Obesity

Lack of exposure

High bone density

Female gender

Repeated joint use and knee injuries

Increasing age

 

When to consider for Knee Replacement Surgery for Osteoarthritis?

Osteoarthritis gets worsened with time. It is really important to decide the time of surgery by clinical observations and symptoms. Your doctor will decide based on

  • The severity of the pain
  • Stability of the Knee
  • Daily life activities like walking
  • Disturbance of sleep

You can’t cure osteoarthritis, but you can take steps to manage it better. It is usually done by losing weight and cutting back on high-impact activities that bother your knees. Even doctors prescribe medications to lessen the effects of symptoms.

Treatment Options for Arthritis

Surgical

Knee replacement surgery is cutting away the arthritic bone and inserting a prosthetic joint. All the arthritic surfaces are replaced, including the femur, tibia, and patella in the surgery. The ends of the bone are replaced with the prosthesis, which looks like capping a tooth. The prosthetic component is usually made of metal and plastic surfaces that are designed to move smoothly against one another. The longevity of knee replacement depends upon a variety of factors, including patient weight, patient activity, and mechanical properties of the prosthesis

Knee replacement surgery is a safe and minimally-invasive procedure. It may help you get back on your feet. If you are suffering from osteoarthritis of the knee, you can consider knee replacement as an option. But if you want to go safer and with lesser side-effects like herbal supplementation.

Herbal supplementation

Curcumin, an extract of turmeric. It decreases inflammation and decrease cartilage damage. According to a 2016 animal study, Curcumin slows the progression of osteoarthritis. Dose of 200 to 500 mg four times per day for up to eight months at a time.

Fish oil

Omegas in Fish oil helps in reducing the inflammation.

Vitamin D

Most of the people suffering from osteoarthritis have low levels of Vitamin D.Proper supplementation of Vitamin D is required.

Calcium

Other forms of Alternative Treatment Options for Arthritis

Hot and cold therapy

Heat increases circulation and flexibility and eases movement.

Cold decreases swelling, and pain by numbing nerve endings. You can wrap ice, old gel pack, or a bag of frozen vegetables in a towel and apply for up to 20 minutes. You can try a full or partial ice bath. Use heat and cold applications with care and caution. Both can cause skin damage.

Aromatherapy

Aromatherapy creates positive mental and physical changes with the use of essential oils. You can use essential oils while bathing, massage oil, or inhaled through a diffuser.

The fragrance of the oils helps:

  • In reducing pain and anxiety
  • Boosting energy levels
  • Relaxes the body

Essential oils that are generally used for arthritis relief are ginger, camphor, lavender, frankincense, eucalyptus.

Talk to your today for proper treatment and relief of osteoarthritis pain.