The incidence of thyroid disorders is increasing in India. Thanks to our lifestyle and our dietary habits which is adding fuel to the fire. Hypothyroidism is one of the most common thyroid disorders in India. It is affecting one in ten adult population.It is estimated that about 42 million people suffer from thyroid disorders in India, of which hypothyroidism is most common with a prevalence of 5.4%. Although the diagnosis and treatment of hypothyroidism are often considered simple, there are large number of people with this condition who are suffering but not properly treated.
Deficiency of thyroid hormone or resistance of the body tissue to thyroid hormone with respect to metabolic demand results in disorder called hypothyroidism. Thyroid hormone is essential for the normal functioning of each and every tissue of the body. Hence, its deficiency manifests as multisystem involvement. The modern system of medicine is still exploring medicine and cure for better and more effective management of hypothyroidism. Synthetic thyroid hormone derivatives may bring the value of thyroid-stimulating hormone (TSH) and T4 to normal range, but the increased dosage and continuous medicine make the patient drug dependent till the end of the life. Even after years of treatment, it is associated with failure to provide relief in clinical manifestations. Moreover, excessive thyroid hormone replacement carries the potential for serious long-term metabolic complications like osteoporosis.
Ancient Ayurvedic Medicine principles prevent thyroid disease and look into the root cause of thyroid disorders. Ayurveda terms the bio-chemical (metabolism) process as ‘agni,’ responsible for all the activities inside the body, up to the cellular level.Thyroid function is attributed by Dhatwagni. Basal metabolic rate of body is regularized by Dhatwagni and Jatharagni.
The thyroid gland regulates our body metabolism, along with this, plays a vital role in temperature regulation, release catecholamine, feel-good hormones.One of our hormones doesn’t work at its peak efficiency, then all other hormones like Growth hormones, Insulin, Estrogen, etc. suffer too.
It disturbs Vitamin & mineral synthesis. Therefore our fat metabolism, calcium absorption, sleeping pattern mood stabilizer, alertness everything suffers.
Symptoms of Thyroid Disorders
Charaka recommends to take adequate quantities of milk in your diet.Ayurvedic Medicine advises to increase the intake of rice, bengal gram,barley, moong dal and cucumber. It is seen that coconut oil helps in improving body metabolism in thyroid patients. Heavy and sour foods are avoided.
Herbs for Thyroid Disorders
Research showsTriphladyaGuggulu and Punarnavadi decoction are effective in the management of hypothyroidism.kanchanara - Bauhinia veriegata is required for proper functioning of thyroid. Among the other herbs jatamansi,Brahmi, guggulu and shilajita are Gokshura, Punarnava are useful herbs
Home Remedies for Thyroid
Thyroid patients should take jalkumbhi and drumstick. It increases the amount of iodine. Deficiency of Iodine is one of the factors responsible for goitre.If there is swelling all over the body especially in the legs then it’s better to drink dhaniya and jeerak siddha jala for better recovery.
Yoga for Thyroid
According to Ayurvedic Medicine, Sarvangasana (shoulder stand) is the most suitable and effective asana for the thyroid gland. This powerful posture produces enormous pressure on the gland. Thyroid has large blood supplies in body organs. Pressure build by this Yoga has dramatic effects on thyroid gland's function, improves circulation. All these asanas including sarvangasana, matsyasana, sarvangasana, halasana improves the circulation in the gland. All these asanas should be avoided in severe thyroitoxicosis, enlarged goitre, and seeking proper medical treatment is essential.
Moreover, asanas like Surya Namskara, Pavamuktasana with emphasis on the head and neck exercises, yoga mudra, Suptavajrasana and all backward bending asanas are helpful in thyroid disorders.
Pranayama for Thyroid disorders
According to Yogis, Ujjayiis the Pranayama for thyroid problems is. Ujjayi acts on the throat area.Its relaxes and stimulates are it may be due to stimulation of reflex pathways within the throat area that are controlled by the brainstem and hypothalamus. Nadishodhana pranayama is good for re-balancing metabolism.
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